Additional Considerations

There are many additional things to consider that may impact a child's level of literacy, other than his or her communication modality.  Information found in this section includes strategies and resources for educators of deaf or hard of hearing children who may speak languages other than English or ASL, or who may have additonal disabilities.


HOPE - Auditory Learning and Cochlear Implantation:  HOPE-recorded course focusing on children who receive cochlear implants who have multiple learning challenges and hearing loss.

HOPE - Bilingual Spoken Language Development:  HOPE recorded course for bilingual language development for children whose home language is not English. The course demonstrates that children with hearing loss can be bilingual.

Language Builds Language:  Provides a case study and insight into how supporting a child’s home language can positively affect literacy.

Lesson Plan - Kindergarten: This Kindergarten teacher incorporates multiple strategies to meet the needs of a very diverse classroom, not unlike many other classrooms for students with hearing loss. Two students have American Sign Language (ASL) as their first language in the home. Two of the students have a mild to moderate hearing loss when aided and can communicate well with spoken English. One student comes from a family where Spanish only is spoken in the home. One would think that this class would present many challenges; however, this plan demonstrates successful strategies for dealing with a diverse classroom group. A language rich ASL environment is employed for initial teaching of language, reading, and content material. The teacher also uses small group and individual instruction to support listening and spoken language and oral/signed reading fluency.

Literacy for Children with Combined Vision and Hearing Loss:  This is a website that contains links to strategies, practical examples, resources and references designed to give children with deaf-blindness, multiple disabilities, and complex challenges expanded learning opportunities through language and emergent literacy experiences

Storytelling Videos using ASL:  Providing students with rich language models is critically important. An excellent way to support students in developing rich vocabularies is by engaging them in storytelling. Rich stories related in either spoken English or American Sign Language provide students with strong models for developing background knowledge that leads to later success in reading and academics.

Video - Surprise on the Farm (English) / Script – Surprise on the Farm (English)

Video - Surprise on the Farm (Spanish) / Script – Surprise on the Farm (Spanish)

Video - Star Wars A Long Time Ago But Far Away (English) / Script – A Long Time Ago But Not Far Away (English)

Video - Star Wars A Long Time Ago But Not Far Away (Spanish) / Script – A Long Time Ago But Not Far Away (Spanish)

Understanding Deafness and Diversity:  Provides resources, research, lessons, interviews, links, and a forum to handle what it means to be a deaf student with disabilities (i.e., any deaf child with one or more disabilities) or a deaf student who has parents that speak a language other than English at home.

Understanding Deafness and Diversity – Links:  Provides links to help users better understand the “diverse” component to children who are deaf and diverse.  Links included are to government agencies and national organizations, among others.

Understanding Deafness and Diversity – Research:  Provides existing research that has been done with children who have disabilities and children who are English Language Learners from the general education setting, which has been applied to students who are deaf and diverse.